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Articles tagged with: Industry Evolution

2
June
2017

Why, How and What of Custom SoCs

An opinion

Why, How and What of Custom SoCs

Ever watched the Ted talk by Simon Sinek, How great leaders inspire actions? Not yet? Then I encourage you watch this 20-minute talk. This video covers the most fundamental thing that most companies fail to address: connecting with customers! Often companies focus on their products, going into details about the technical features, price, engineering innovation, etc. However, they fail to address the basic thing that is needed for a successful sale: Why they are offering the product? Answering this question bridges the gap between product and market. Revenue is an outcome, not the sole purpose of a company’s existence.

Let us take an example of a conventional sales pitch for the embedded computing platform: System on Module (SoM).

“We offer SoM that has a SoC, memory, power circuitry, Operating System, and BSPs, all integrated on a small form-factor board that offers you a platform for building your next embedded product”.

Sounds exciting? Well, it depends. However, it does not generate a great interest. Now, how about the following as a sales pitch?

17
April
2017

RISC-V: Open Source Instruction Set Architecture

The new kid on the block

RISC-V: Open Source Instruction Set Architecture

The emerging IoT industry is an aggregation of products and services, complementing each other to enable efficiency and cost optimization in multiple industries. It does not have a vertically oriented value chain. IoT end nodes will be scattered in billions in various industries.

As mentioned in my earlier post ARM vs Intel: The new war frontiers, COTS processors will not be ideal for building these end nodes, as the latter are application specific. Companies would be inclined to adopt custom processors as they offer flexibility to assemble only required parts. These parts can include analogue sensor, DSP, proprietary IP, etc. Further, custom processors substantially reduce BoM cost and die size, which will minimize power dissipation. It also helps companies to differentiate their product from those of their competitors. In view of failing Moore’s Law, customization is the answer as it can reduce the BoM cost significantly.

5
April
2017

Artificial Intelligence: The Time Is Now

Takeaways from Intel AI Developer Workshop @ Bangalore

Artificial Intelligence: The Time Is Now
Images in this article are copyright of Intel.

I just returned from a full-day developer workshop organized by Intel. The focus was on Artificial Intelligence (AI) and how Intel is contributing in mankind's best efforts to teach machines to sense, reason and decide. The event was a useful peek into what Intel is bringing to the table in terms of both hardware and software. Beyond that, it was not an event that I would call a developer workshop since there were no hands-on sessions, demos or even tips and tricks that developers can use. The event was structured as a line of talks in order to bring awareness of Intel's involvement in AI and where the market is headed.

AI originated in the 1950s but it was only in the 1980s when Machine Learning (ML) came about that people started to think it might be possible to realize AI. Machines can be trained and then asked to solve problems. Their algorithms could be tweaked as they learn and relearn with more sets of data. Deep Learning (DL) came about as a sub-branch of ML, where neural networks became the basis of learning. DL has brought us closer to the dream of realizing AI but DL alone did not achieve this.

23
March
2017

Flurry, the Mobile Analytics Platform

Measure, analyze and optimize app experience

Flurry, the Mobile Analytics Platform

I come mostly from a web app background. I haven't done much work in the mobile apps except for dabbling with some sample code in React Native. Mobile has come a long way. Yes, it's built on the foundations of web app development but today it has a life and roadmap of its own. I was therefore glad to attend today's event organized by Flurry, which is a platform for mobile analytics. Flurry was founded in 2005 and acquired by Yahoo in 2014. The event this afternoon was attended by entrepreneurs, developers and marketing executives. There was so much information packed into one afternoon that I'm sure everyone took away something useful from it, even if they were experienced in the mobile space.

The format was a mix of panel discussions and focused talks. It was nice to see representation from a spectrum of Indian start-ups. It happens sometimes that events organized by US or European companies feature speakers who know quite well their US or European markets but nothing much about the Indian market. Today's event was quite different. With speakers and moderators from Paytm, Flipkart, CouponDunia, Wooplr, Bounty, YourStory and more, it was clearly and rightly focused on the Indian market. There were of course guys from Flurry, Truecaller and Branch Metrics who gave lot of additional insights.

31
January
2017

Idea Man - A Memoir by the Co-founder of Microsoft

Book Review

Idea Man - A Memoir by the Co-founder of Microsoft

Author: Paul Allen
Publisher: Portfolio/Penguin, 2011

In this autobiography, Paul Allen talks about the early years when he joined with Bill Gates and co-founded Microsoft in 1975. While both Bill and Microsoft are fairly well known to the public, Paul has not had that much of a public presence, at least not outside of the US. This may have something to do with the fact that he left Microsoft in 1982, when the personal computer revolution had just begun to accelerate. This book tells us a lot about his contribution towards building Microsoft what it is today. It's also lays bare the complex relationship that Paul had with Bill. The book is also a quick overview of how technology has progressed through the 1970s and 1980s, which is something that will interest today's engineers.

It's true that sometimes success is being in the right place at the right time. If you're too early, the market is not ready or the technology is unavailable. If you're too late, you end up trying to catch up with others. Either way, this book makes one thing clear: it's equally important to be adventurous, be confident in your abilities and have a vision for the future. Quite often Paul mentions that many of the ideas he contributed were pivotal to the success of Microsoft, which explains the title of this book.

17
January
2017

The Progress of Innovation

How good ideas evolve

The Progress of Innovation

The four quadrants that you see here are adapted from Steven Johnson's book titled Where Good Ideas Come From. We have in fact done a review of this book many months ago on IEDF but I thought there's one aspect of innovation that deserves more attention and explanation. Johnson tries to analyze innovations with respect to the surrounding ecosystem and the models in which individuals and companies operate. The result is the four quadrants.

Broadly, someone who invents or innovates is either doing it individually in the proverbial garage or attic; or she is part of a bigger research group that has access to funds and resources. The other axis of analysis is about the motive: are the inventors interested in profiting from their creations or are they open to sharing them with everyone else in the ecosystem. This is what the four quadrants are all about. Let's now look at some specifics.

2
December
2016

The Dangerous Powers of Algorithms

An opinion about the good and the bad

The Dangerous Powers of Algorithms

When Guglielmo Marconi arrived in England in the 1890s, he brought with him the idea that information could be wirelessly sent across a distance. For a world still attached to wired telegraphy, this was a revolutionary idea. Marconi gave successful demonstrations to astonished audiences. Not many understood the principles. The equipment he carried were soon called "magic boxes", except that there was no magic in them. They were simply cleverly constructed transmitters and receivers.

Today there's a vaguely parallel development happening with data. Though lot of data is open, the algorithms that make use of them are closed. With algorithms, often employed for profit and hence proprietary, the "magic" is purposely hidden from those who wish to see them. Indeed, magicians thrive on the principle that tricks never be revealed. With the growing use (and misuse) of data in every sphere of life, we are becoming slowly aware of the important role that algorithms play in our lives. There's a growing concern that algorithms may be working more against us than for us.

28
October
2016

Virtual Reality: Current Problems and Challenges

An opinion on an exciting new technology

Virtual Reality: Current Problems and Challenges

Virtual Reality (VR) is one of the hot topics of 2016. We've been getting an almost constant stream of articles on VR in tech blogs and news sites. Quite a lot of it is hype as one would expect of any new technology. At the same time, some of this hype is being translated into commercial products as innovators reach out to grasp and realize the full potential of VR.

Gaming is the first application of VR. This is expected because games have already come a long way from the real world to the cyber world. Today we play Scrabble with strangers across the globe rather than play it with friends across the coffee table. We play Fantasy Cricket rather than go out to the ground next door. Indeed, one of the promises of VR is to fulfil fantasies, to take us away from the mundane routines of the real world, and to show us exotic places and experiences that we can normally only dream of.

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